Kerala, located in the southwestern region of India, is home to several companies across various industries. Here's a brief overview of the history of companies in Kerala, followed by a list of top public and private companies based in the state.

History of companies in Kerala:
The modern industrial development in Kerala started in the early 20th century with the establishment of Travancore Titanium Products Ltd. and Indian Rare Earths Ltd. in the 1940s. During the 1950s and 60s, several public sector companies were set up, including Hindustan Newsprint Limited, Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Limited, and Cochin Shipyard Limited. In the following decades, private sector companies also emerged in Kerala, with a particular focus on the IT and tourism industries.

Top Public Sector Companies in Kerala:

Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Limited (FACT) - A leading producer of fertilizers and chemicals in India.
Cochin Shipyard Limited - One of the largest shipbuilding and maintenance facilities in India.
Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) - The main electricity generation, transmission and distribution utility in Kerala.
Hindustan Newsprint Limited (HNL) - A major newsprint manufacturer in India.
Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (KMML) - A leading producer of titanium dioxide, rutile, and ilmenite.

Top Private Sector Companies in Kerala:

TCS (Trivandrum) - A subsidiary of Tata Consultancy Services, offering IT services and solutions.
UST Global - A multinational digital technology company with headquarters in Alappuzha, Kerala.
Muthoot Finance - A leading non-banking financial company (NBFC) with headquarters in Kochi.
Kalyan Jewellers - One of the largest jewelry retail chains in India, with its headquarters in Thrissur.
Kitex Garments Limited - A leading manufacturer of children's clothing, with its headquarters in Kochi.

These are just a few examples of the top public and private companies in Kerala, and there are many more companies across various industries contributing to the state's economy.

Web Directory of major Companies operating in Kerala in sectors like Manufacturing, Export, and services.