Calicut is the anglicised form of 'Kalikut", the Arabic for the Malayalam, Kozhikode.

According to the historian, K V Krishnan Iyer, The term means 'Koyil'(Palace) Kodu (fortified). Anyhow, it is a historical town with a hoary past. From time immemorial, the city attracted travellers, with its charming physical features and prosperity. Even today, the glory that was Calicut that has not faded.

The important festivals in the district are held at Arakkal temple, Madappalli, Vadalara(Pooram Festival, March/April), Lokanarkavu Bagavathi temple, Memunda, Vadakara (two festivals-(1) March/April (2)November/December), Kadappally Kumbhom Thira, Puduppanam, Vadakara Shri Pisharikavu Bhagavathi temple, Viyyur, Thikkody (Kaliatta Mahotasavam in March), Vettakkorumakan Pattu in the Balussery Fort, Koyilandy, Sreekanteswara temple festival, Kozhikode (Sivarathri Festival for seven days in February/March), Thacholi Manikkoth Temple Festival (February), and Appavanibha Nercha at Idiyangara Sheik Masjid.

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