Depository is responsible for keeping stocks of investors in electronics form. There are two depositories in India, NSDL (National Securities Depository Ltd) and CDSL (Central Depository Services Ltd).
DPs are agents who connect depository with Investors. It is like a bank branch with which you can open a demat account to buy or sell shares.
How to Open a Demat Account
It is like opening a bank account. You have to approach a depository participants to open an online trading or demat account. Most of the banks are DPs too.
You will have to submit few documents with the application form to open a demat account. As per latest Govt of India rule PAN (Personal Account Number) card is must for opening a demat account. These are the documents required to open a demat account
1. Photo Copy of PAN Card (Mandatory)
2. Two Passport size photos
3. Address Proof : Ration Card/Passport/Driving License/Voter's ID Card/BSNL Telephone/LIC Policy
4. Latest Bank Statement and photocopy of Bank Passbook
You have to fill up and submit the demat account opening form with these documents and will have to pay a small account opening fee.
Your Demat Account
After submitting the application your demat account will become after few days. Once it is active you can start buying and selling shares.
Charges and Fees
There will be an annual account maintenance fee and a transaction fee for your demat account and it will vary between DPs. Contact your depository participants branch or refer their documents.